There are various types of pigmentation, from hereditary conditions, birthmarks, to trauma and sun damage.
The colour of your skin is determined by the level of melanin (or pigment) in the skin. It ‘colours’ your skin, hair and the iris of the eyes. Your level of melanin depends on race and exposure to sunlight. Production increases with exposure to the sun as it attempts to protect the skin against harmful ultraviolet rays. Both women and men can have skin pigmentation problems relating to hormone changes and sun exposure. Pigmentation is really a chain reaction in response to damage being inflicted to our skin.
Aggravating Factors of Pigmentation:
- UV exposure
- Immunological conditions
- Genetic predisposition
- Perfumes and essential oils in conjunction with UV exposure-particularly Bergamot
- Fruit acid or chemical peels in conjunction with UV exposure
- Incorrect use of IPL and Lasers
- Some medications including the contraceptive pill
- Hormonal fluctuations such as menopause
- Free radicals
- Pigmentation post acne
- Trauma to the skin (post inflammatory pigmentation)
- Vitamins A, C and D deficiency
Correct skin care and treatments to help manage symptoms
Pigmentation can be very difficult to treat effectively as the causes can be from so many different underlying reasons. While pigmentation often can be prevented simply by avoiding UV exposure, sometimes it cannot be avoided. Cellular health is very important to improving the condition and a dietary intake of essential fatty acids such as Omega 3 & 6 is beneficial. Protection from UV exposure is of the utmost importance.
Pigmentation changes that are visible of can be treated with the use of Dermaviduals Whitening Concentrate, Vitamin C Liposomes, Liposome Concentrate Plus (azelaic acid inhibits melanin synthesis and is effective against hyper pigmentation and melisma) Vitamin A Nanoparticles, Vitamin B Complex and CM Glucan, Vitamin Cream Mask. (Pictures)
NOTE: A mechanical peeling is NOT always recommended for pigmentation nor is Laser or IPL as standalone treatments. You will achieve better results with pigmentation utilising a combination of different modalities including CIT, LED and Dermaviduals.